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Bell peppers are one of the most popular and useful vegetable crops. The sweet pepper varieties now cultivated in Europe are native to Mexico. Hence his love for warmth and sun.
Winnie the Pooh pepper is a popular early ripening variety. Hybrid variety, Moldavian selection... Bred by breeder Yuri Ivanovich Panchev by crossing two varieties of sweet peppers Buketen-3 and Lastochka. Registered in 1980. The ripening period from germination to harvest is 100-110 days. You can find a detailed description and characteristics of this variety in this review.
The height of the bush is 25-30 cm, the leaves are pressed against the trunk, the fruits ripen on bunches. Peppers are cone-shaped, small up to 10 cm, fleshy, wall thickness 5-8 cm. Fruit weight 45-60 g. At the stage of technical ripeness - green, waxy; in biological it is red. Amicable ripening. Each bush gives 8-10 fruits per season, and 1.5-5 kg of peppers are removed from 1 square meter depending on the soil and climatic conditions and compliance with the rules of agricultural technology. Designed for cultivation in greenhouses and open field. A plant from the nightshade family. It is grown in seedlings.
Presowing seed treatment. For planting, full-weight, regular-shaped seeds are selected. For the prevention of viral diseases, seeds are disinfected.
To be sure that the seedlings will be friendly, pre-germinate seeds in a damp cloth... The hatched seeds are planted in the ground. You can use ready-made soil intended for vegetable crops, or prepare it yourself. The earthen mixture should be air and moisture permeable, loose. The pH is neutral or slightly acidic (5.5).
A glass of wood ash, 15-20 g of ammonium nitrate, 50-60 superphosphate, 30 g of potassium sulfate are added to a bucket of the mixture.
Prepare the land for seedlings in the fall. In winter, before the planting period, seedlings are stored on the balcony so that it freezes well. This is done so that pathogens die, and the earth becomes more structured.
Sowing seeds is carried out 60-70 days before planting seedlings in open ground... For central Russia, this is the end of February-March.
Seeds are planted in flat containers in rows 5 cm apart. Cover the top with film or glass to create the effect of a greenhouse, and put in a warm place. After 7-10 days, the first loops of sprouts appear... The film is removed, the seedlings are placed in a bright place.
The optimum air temperature is 22-25, at night it is reduced to 15-18... After the appearance of two real leaves, they begin to pick. One sprout is planted in separate containers, they are not buried, at the same level. As the seedling grows, it is carried into larger containers by transshipment.
A feature of the method is that the transplant is carried out with a whole earthy clod, without injuring the root system of the pepper.
Seeds are immediately planted in separate containers, best of all in peat cups. It is necessary to plant 2 pieces, then the less developed one is removed.
Watering is carried out with warm water, as the top layer of the soil dries up. Every 10 days to strengthen the defenses, accelerate the development of seedlings - spraying with epin-extra biostimulant solution.
To prevent fungal disease of the black-footed seedling, a layer of fine calcined sand is poured around the stem.
2-3 weeks before planting in a greenhouse or open ground, the seedlings are hardened. Gradually increase the time the plants stay in the fresh air.
Landing in open ground is carried out when the threat of frost has passed. In the middle lane - this is the end of May, beginning of June. By the time of planting, 55-60 day old seedlings should be well developed, have 8-10 leaves, a bush height of 20-25 cm... The day before planting, the seedlings are watered abundantly along with top dressing containing 10 g of ammonium nitrate, 40 g of superphosphate, 60 g of potassium fertilizers per 10 liters of water.
The beds for planting pepper are formed in the fall. The predecessors can be carrots, cabbage, legumes with the exception of beans. Do not place peppers next to cucumbers, potatoes, tomatoes. The site must be well lit, protected from the wind. Planting is done in the afternoon, preferably on a cloudy day..
To protect young unhardened plants from sunburn, plantings are covered for 5-7 days with a covering material (lutrasil).
Since Winnie the Pooh pepper has a compact size, a close planting is possible at a distance of 20-25 cm in a row, 30 cm between rows. When planting, the seedling deepens to the cotyledon leaves... Unlike tomatoes, pepper does not form adventitious roots on the stem, so it does not need hilling. Immediately after planting, it is advisable to mulch the beds with rotted sawdust, cut grass. Mulching will preserve moisture, prevent weeds from germinating, and there will be no need for loosening.
Planting care includes regular watering only with warm water. Cold water from wells for watering peppers is completely unacceptable.... This can lead to root rot, fungal diseases and even plant death.
Alternate fertilizing with mineral and organic fertilizers 2 times a month. Experienced gardeners advise to fertilize peppers with "green kvass".
The barrel is half filled with green grass, weeds, the remnants of dry bread, crackers, yeast are added, water is not completely poured (the mass will ferment). Then the top of the barrel is tightly tied with polyethylene (from insects) and left to ferment in the sun for 4-5 days.
The resulting infusion is diluted from the calculation: 1 liter of solution in a bucket of water, pour 2-3 liters of peppers under the root per bush.
An important quality of the Winnie the Pooh pepper variety is its resistance to aphids. In warm, humid weather, this pest can give 20 generations per season and completely destroy the crop. But on the leaves of pepper Winnie the Pooh aphids are reluctant to climb. Moreover, even with a small amount, it is necessary to fight with aphids by spraying with insecticidal infusions: solutions of wood ash with tobacco, infusions of onion husks, tomato and potato tops.
Another property of Winnie the Pooh pepper declared by the developers is its resistance to verticillary wilt. The disease is caused by a fungus found in the soil. It affects peppers at any period of vegetative development. In a few days, the disease can destroy all plants. The main prevention of wilting is reduced to the destruction of all plant residues in the ground at the end of the season.so that the mushroom cannot survive in winter. Land cultivation with copper-containing preparations (Bordeaux liquid, Hom, Oxyhom).
Natalia, 43 years old, Volgograd: I have been planting Winnie the Pooh pepper for 8 years. I plant it in an unheated greenhouse in mid-April. At the beginning of July, we are already trying the first sweet peppers. It is good both raw and especially for canning. I did not notice any particular difficulties in growing. The only thing that I would like to note is that the height of the plant is higher than the declared one, somewhere around 40-50 cm. That's why I pinched the top so that it branches more.
Evgeny, 54 years old, Saratov: I experimented with varieties for a long time until I liked the Winnie the Pooh pepper. It seems that the fruits are small, but sweet, fleshy. And he himself is so strong, stable. We have winds, tomatoes fall, but he stands. From experience I realized that it should be planted close to each other, watered only with heated water from a barrel. I tried to somehow plant a California miracle, so instead of giant peppers (in the picture), I got some kind of long twisted fruits, and to the taste of grass-grass. Better to be small - yes remote! Yes, I forgot to say, for 3 years I have not been ill with anything.
Alexander, 54 years old, Voronezh: I bought Winnie the Pooh pepper seeds, I just liked the name and picture on the package. I grew seedlings myself, overexposed them a little. Some of the bushes already had an ovary. I landed in the open ground on May 22. The seedlings have taken root well. The peppers went out in late July and early August. They grew more than 25 cm in height, maybe I fed them hard? Sweet and juicy on the palate. Not enough for conservation, too many of them need to be planted. And culture is still laborious.
Anna, 65 years old, Kursk: I have been growing Winnie the Pooh for almost 30 years. My only regret is that you cannot get your seeds, because this is a hybrid. And the seeds are more expensive every year, and the quality is getting worse. Pepper care is simple, the harvest ripens amicably. Since the branches are pressed against the stem, under the weight of ripe pepper, the branch does not break, as happens with other varieties.
Winnie the Pooh refers to hybrids that result from the crossing of two or more different forms, when the breeder seeks to consolidate the best qualities of the parents in a new hybrid variety. For almost forty years, this variety has been cultivated both in Russia and in the post-Soviet space.... It has passed the test of time, which means that it will delight its fans with excellent taste for many years to come.
Sweet pepper is a popular vegetable, so it is often added to various dishes, or served as a separate cut. It is grown by people in the garden plots of any region. It is possible to grow and harvest sweet peppers everywhere, the main thing is to choose the right variety. Today we will consider the best pepper varieties with a description.
Sweet peppers contain many vitamins and minerals. And in order for your favorite vegetable to delight with its harvest, try to grow it in the garden with different ripening periods.
The pepper is grown as an annual. It is weakly resistant to frost, therefore it is planted from seedlings. In order for you to grow a rich harvest of pepper, you need to take into account all the pros and cons, buy good varieties of resistant varieties.
Priming. For planting, use a ready-made substrate for peppers or universal use. But you can prepare the potting mix yourself. To do this, you need to mix 2 parts of peat + 1 part of river sand + 2 parts of humus. To get rid of pathogenic microflora, the soil is spilled with boiling water or a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate.
Seed preparation. For faster germination, pepper seeds are soaked in a nutrient solution of epin or another stimulant for one day. To do this, they are wrapped in cloth and placed in a solution. The next day, the seeds are spread on a saucer, covered with gauze rolled in two layers and well moistened. After 2-3 days, the seeds should swell and germinate.
Landing. Depressions of 1.5-2 cm are made in the soil, seeds are laid out and sprinkled with the same soil. Crops are moistened with a spray bottle and covered with cellophane or glass. Once a day, planting is opened so that mold does not appear on the soil. If the seeds are sown dry, then the pepper can sprout from 2 to 4 weeks, in the case when the seeds have already nailed, the characteristic white loops will appear on the 5-6th day. The optimum air temperature in the room for the emergence of seedlings is from +25 degrees.
Important. Bitter and sweet varieties of peppers are not planted in the same greenhouse, since the plants are pollinated and all the fruits will eventually have a pungent taste.
Thick-walled sweet peppers are in high demand among gardeners. As a rule, these are cuboid and tomato-shaped forms. Thick is the wall (pericarp, pulp) 5-10 mm in size in fruits grown in the open field. For greenhouse peppers, the requirements are higher: vegetable growers have the right to expect 8 mm or more.
The size of the pericarp is laid down at the genetic level, it is a characteristic feature of the variety or hybrid. The potential is realized only with competent agricultural technology, taking into account the region and specific growing conditions.
Sweet peppers with thick walls are offered by breeders from Russia and Moldova, France and Holland, Japan and China.
Many interesting varieties of thick-walled sweet peppers have been developed for open ground - with increased unpretentiousness, endurance to temperature extremes. It can be both foreign and Russian varieties, including Siberian breeding. Garden peppers are usually early or medium early in maturity, juicy and sweet even at this stage.
It is unripe peppers that contain a large amount of vitamin C, this indicator decreases to the phase of biological maturity, but the percentage of carotene increases.
Abundant early ripening variety up to half a meter high. The pulp is 0.9 cm, sweet and aromatic, almost black at technical ripeness and chocolate-reddish at full ripeness. Cuboid peppers, weighing 120-250 g, record over 300 g.
An early variety with a bouquet ovary, compact (0.4 m) and unpretentious. Fruits are flattened-cubic, rounded, weighing 110-130 g. Pericarp 10-12 mm. The color changes from milky to bright red. Amicable growth, fast ripening, excellent keeping quality. Recoil from the bush - 1.3-1.5 kg.
The variety is of medium ripening: the first peppers are picked 4 months after the start of the growing season. The bush is 55 cm high, with a one-time filling of a dozen ovaries. Fruits are cuboid, red in full ripeness, weighing 200 g, with pulp 1 cm thick. Taste is excellent.
Varieties of thick-walled greenhouse peppers are poured into the most massive fruits. Medium-sized or tall bushes are plentifully loaded with crops, in need of increased nutrition.
Preference is given to hybrids, although there are modern non-hybrid varieties with excellent performance.
A greenhouse hybrid of two meters in height with a fertility of up to 14 kg from 1 sq. m. Resistant to temperature stress, not affected by tobacco mosaic. Peppers with a centimeter pericarp, elongated blunt-nosed, 15 cm or more long, each weighing up to 0.3 kg. Removable maturity occurs 3 months after the beginning of the growing season, biological (red) - a month later.
Tall hybrid pepper with blunt-nosed fruits more than 20 cm long, flesh thickness 9-11 mm. Ripening time is average, color in full ripeness is dark red.
7 ways to soak pepper seeds before planting seedlings
Medium early (100 days) novelty of Russian selection. Not affected by tobacco mosaic. Bushes grow 150 cm. Return - 8 kg / sq. m. Peppers are poured up to 250 g, in full ripeness they turn yellow. Wall - 0.8 cm.
A hybrid of an average ripening period (125 days) with a productivity of more than 8 kg / sq. m. The bushes are quite high (0.8 m), open, stress-resistant, disease-resistant. The shape of the peppers is a shortened prism, up to 20 cm long. The pulp is more than 10 mm.
A hybrid of medium ripening (125 days), medium-sized (0.8 m), resistant to infections. Peppers are prism-shaped, weigh 300 g or more, flesh up to 10 mm. When fully ripe, the color is red. Productivity 8.5 kg / sq. m.
Early ripening peppers, as a rule, do not have time to build up a thick pericarp. But recently, breeders have bred hybrids with an accelerated filling of fruit pulp up to 5-8 mm. Plants can be planted both in greenhouses and hotbeds, and in open ground.
The champions in technical early maturity and wall thickness are Japanese and Dutch varieties, as well as peppers from the Russian agricultural firm Semko.
This hybrid can be plucked for salad within 80 days after germination. The formed fruits turn red very quickly - in 2 weeks, on the vine. The mass of peppercorns is 100 g, the thickness of the pulp is 5 mm or more.
Recoil in the open field - 4.5 kg / sq. m, under cover - twice as much. Plants are resistant to stress, wilt and viruses. The bushes are medium-sized, do not need shaping. Placement density - 7 pcs / sq. m.
The bush is not more than half a meter, but spreading and very powerful. The hybrid works in any soil. The peppers, cone-shaped, weighing about 200 g, actively grow and quickly turn red. Pericarp 0.8 cm.
Varieties of thick-walled sweet peppers for the Moscow region and the entire Non-Chernozem zone must be adapted to weather whims and a lack of solar energy. Greenhouses and greenhouses provide guaranteed warmth.
Street beds for peppers are located in places protected from the wind.
Mid-early (105 days) variety with a yield of up to 8 kg / sq. m. The bushes are medium-sized, branched, with the simultaneous development of 7-8 ovaries. Fruits are thick-walled (0.8 cm), cubic, with an average weight of 270 g, red when ripe.
A variety of medium ripening. Peppers are flattened-cubic, with rounded lobes-ribs. Wall 8-10 mm. Coloration in biological ripeness is orange-yellow. Dessert taste. The half-stem bush needs a reliable garter.
Mid-early (110 days) variety with rounded-ribbed fruits weighing 90-140 g. Pericarp about 1 cm, with increased sweetness. Bushes no more than half a meter, moderate spreading.
This mid-early Dutch hybrid bears fruit successfully in the Middle Lane - both in greenhouses and on the street. Peppers have the shape of a cube and a wall 1 cm thick. Fruits are usually picked green, in technical ripeness, without waiting for their reddening. Bushes require a strong garter, growing almost up to a meter.
When to plant peppers for seedlings in 2018 in the Moscow region
Medium early (110 days) variety with rapid reddening (125 days from germination). Type "gogoshary" (tomato-shaped), pericarp 6-8 mm. Average fruit weight - 150 g. Diet peppers - sugary, sweet. Bouquet fruiting, yield 5 kg / sq. m. The variety is not subject to wilt. Planting density - 7 pcs / sq. m.
In Siberian greenhouses, you can grow any varieties and hybrids of pepper, except for late-ripening ones. But for open ground for Siberia, the assortment is selected especially carefully, giving preference to modern local varieties - early and unpretentious.
Medium early (110 days), sweet-fruited salad variety, orange at full maturity. Cubic peppers, thick-walled (0.9 cm), weighing 150-350 g. Plant height - up to 0.6 m. Bushes are planted under a shelter or directly into the ground.
A powerful and unpretentious variety with sweet peppers that mimic the shape of rounded tomatoes. Fleshy fruits, weighing 110-140 g, suitable for storage and transportation.
Mid-early variety of Siberian selection. The bush is not higher than 45 cm. Fruits are cylindrical, not too large (140 g), but the wall grows up to 1 cm, when fully ripe they turn red. The pulp is juicy, tender.
A novelty from Siberian breeders with flattened cuboid peppers weighing 200-350 g. Low (0.5 m) bushes begin to yield crops 3 months after the start of the growing season. The variety turns red on the vine even in open field conditions. The thickness of the pulp is up to 1 cm.
A popular early variety with a bouquet-forming ovary. Fruiting is amicable, the return is 1.5 kg from the bush.
The peppers are tomato-like and turn red over time. The wall is more than 10 mm.
Growing peppers using lazy technology
Fleshy fruits are characterized by excellent keeping quality and transportability. For 1 sq. 6-7 bushes are placed, their height does not exceed 0.4 m. The variety is responsive to complex mineral fertilizing.
In the Middle Lane, sweet peppers are safer to grow in film greenhouses. So the plants are protected from spring return frosts and autumn cold snap, which often prevents the ripening of fruits. However, even in the Moscow region, gardeners can get good harvests of pepper in open beds. How to choose the best bell pepper seeds for open ground will be discussed in our review.
Currently numerous hybrids and varieties of sweet peppers differ in ripening period, which is considered from germination to technical ripeness.
Early-ripening peppers ripen in 90-110 days, for mid-early peppers the ripening period is 130 days, mid-ripening peppers ripen after 130 days. According to the growth and development of stems, peppers are determinant (their growth is limited) - these are low and medium-sized varieties. They are suitable for growing conditions outdoors and in greenhouses without heating. Tall, vigorous and large-fruited peppers are indeterminate - they grow constantly and their growth is not limited. These varieties are best grown in heated greenhouses, but early maturing indeterminate varieties give excellent yields in unheated greenhouses.
Pepper is very picky about light and heat. Seeds that have been in the cold may not germinate, keep this in mind when storing. Do not store them for a long time - the germination rate is reduced to 30% after 2-3 years of storage. Some varieties like germination temperatures above 30 degrees. The sown seeds must be warm all the time, otherwise they will die for a long time. Only a nighttime temperature drop to 25 degrees is possible.
The best seeds will be full-fledged ones - they will give amicable shoots. This is a pepper, the seeds of which will settle to the bottom of the cup if you pour water over them. Invisible hollows float to the surface of the water. This vegetable has an interesting feature. Peppers, the seeds of which have been stored for a long time, lose their germination and growth strength - the sprouts hatch weak. But the seedlings get under way quickly, and the fertility of such specimens is excellent. Buy seeds from time-tested firms.
Dutch pepper seeds are indistinguishable from ordinary peppers. Dutch hybrid seeds are expensive, but worth it. For greenhouses, they are excellent: the most practical - F1 Orange Wonder - yield 10 kg per 1 sq. m, cuboid fruits with a wall thickness of 1 cm, larger than it is F1 Indalo. They are slightly inferior in appearance, but the early ripening F1 Montero and F1 Pantino are also fruitful and tasty. In addition, F1 Montero is resistant to tobacco mosaic peppers.
For orientation in the world of sweet peppers, based on the experience of vegetable growers, the names and brief characteristics of some varieties are given below. The best early maturing pepper seeds: Belozerka (even cone-shaped fruits are good for freezing), Spanish sweet (really sweet and fruitful), Bogdan (very sweet and thick-walled). For the conditions of the Siberian summer, Snezhok, Snegirek, Dobryak, Freckles are good. These varieties are planted at a seedling age of 65 days, preferably by this time they have reached the budding phase. Then these peppers of excellent taste will delight you with a harmonious return of the harvest.
The following varieties have proved to be the best mid-early ones: Red giant, Claudio, Bogatyr, Red giant. The fruits of the peppers in all of the listed high-yielding varieties are sweet, juicy, large. For unheated greenhouses, the varieties Agapovsky, Vernost, Dobrynya, Golden Rain, Zdorovye, as well as domestic hybrids - Orange Miracle F1, Rhapsody F1, Yubileiny Semko F1, Atlant F1 - have been created. The mid-ripening unpretentious variety Korenovskiy in favorable conditions produces an excellent harvest of very tasty and large fruits.
Many people know the California miracle pepper (there is red, there is also yellow). The fruits of this variety are large, thick-walled, very juicy and tasty. Thick-walled, weighing up to 350 g, grow at Ilya Muromets, Lolita, Titan, Tolstoy master. Tall Vikings (red and yellow) will generously endow a caring owner with elongated fruits with excellent taste. If you want to diversify the red-orange-yellow-green color scheme of peppers with purple and chocolate colors, you need to plant the Star of the East variety and grow the fruits to biological ripeness.
Having planted pepper on the site, seeds from the best varieties can be prepared yourself, but first, find out how to do it correctly. Do not stock up on seeds of hybrids - it is in vain. They will not yield a harvest. And, of course, for the best harvest, you need to provide this vegetable with the sunniest place on the site, ensure the timely implementation of agrotechnical measures - loosening and weeding, applying the necessary fertilizers, and controlling pests and diseases.
Anna Vasilievna, 43 years old
When growing early ripe peppers, it is recommended to germinate seeds, regardless of the variety. A damp cotton cloth or gauze can be used for this. From above, the seeds are covered with it. Subsequent humidification is carried out at the expense of a spray bottle with the obligatory use of warm water. Germination by this method, as a rule, lasts about 12 - 14 days, but the first shoots should appear as early as 6 - 8 days. In this case, the air temperature in the room should be at least 22 - 25 degrees Celsius. When transplanting seeds into the ground, a depth of no more than 7 - 8 mm must be observed.
Victor Ivanovich, 58 years old
A reliable preventive protection of pepper from possible diseases is double spraying with an ash solution with the addition of grated laundry soap. For this, 1 liter of sifted wood ash and about 100 g of laundry soap are taken for 10 liters of water. The ready-made infusion should be infused for at least a day before use. It is important to spray the first spraying no earlier than 2 - 3 weeks after planting the bushes on permanent soil, and re-treatment after a week's break.